Broad-band permittivity measurements of formation of gas hydrate layers using open-ended coaxial probes
Careful measures are taken in the oil and gas industry to avoid the formation of gas hydrate plugs. However, the risk of inhibitor failure, unexpected process changes, and more frequent transport of underinhibited well streams calls for methods to monitor gas hydrate formation. In gas-dominated systems, hydrate plug formation is believed to be initiated by formation of hydrate layers on the pipeline wall.
Impact of Gas Hydrate Formation/Dissociation on Water-in-Crude Oil Emulsion Properties Studied by Dielectric Measurements
The impact of the formation and dissociation of gas hydrates on water-in-crude oil emulsion properties has been studied using a dielectric probe.